loT is making the world smarter day by day. The idea of the connected world is incomplete without loT. Eg. smart homes. In IoT enabled smart home environment, various things like home alliances, lighting, security devices, computers, etc. are all connected to the internet and the user can control and monitor them without the restriction of location and time.
It is even more difficult to visualize the technology that is required to build a home automation platform. Due to the complexity introduced by software, hardware, and networking ecosystems, it becomes extremely important to learn, understand, and utilize the right home automation technology for smart home products. Home automation consists of three major parts:
- Communication protocols
Each of these parts is equally important in building a truly smart home experience for customers. Having the right hardware enables the ability to develop the required loT prototype iteratively and respond to technology pivots with ease. A protocol selected with the right testing and careful consideration helps to avoid performance bottlenecks that otherwise would restrict the technology and device integration capabilities with sensors and IoT gateways. Another important consideration is the firmware that resides in the hardware managing data, managing data transfer, firmware OTA updates, and performing other critical operations to make things talk
IoT In-Home Automation
A home automation system makes the operations of various home appliances more convenient and saves energy.
Rebuilding consumer expectations, home automation has been projected to target a wide array of applications for the new digital consumer. Some of the areas where consumers can expect to see home automation-led loT-enabled connectivity are:
- Lighting control
- HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning) system
- Lawn/Gardening management
- Smart Home Appliances
- Improved Home safety and security
- Home air quality and water quality monitoring
- Natural Language-based voice assistants
- Better Infotainment delivery
- Al-driven digital experiences o Smart Switches
- Smart Locks
- Smart Energy Meters
Home Automation Architecture
There are more than 15 different smart home frameworks available for IoT developers to use and build their next generation of connected home products. Some of these frameworks are open source and some are closed-source. The general architecture supports the following considerations for home automation solutions:
- End-to-end security mechanisms involving multilevel authentication.
- End-to-end data encryption, including the link layer.
- Flexible and configurable access and authorization control.
- Powerful cloud infrastructure.
- Network agnostic with built-in feedback loops.
- Configurable cloud-based rules engine.
- API endpoints.
- Data scalability.
- NoSQL databases.